You need a visa to visit or live within the US if you belong to other country. Visa is a stamp on your passport that provide you right to visit different country. A USA visa lets in you to make plans to visit or live in the US.
A US visa does not allow you entry into the US. Your entry into the US is determined by the officials at any Port of Entry. If you meet all the requirements and you do not pose any threats to the US, then you are allowed to go into the USA with a valid visa.
There are different U.S visa types based on need. Following are the 2 major groups are:
- U.S nonimmigrant visas
- U.S immigrant visas
What is an Immigrant Visa?
Immigrant visas give its holders the right to stay in the U.S permanently. Whereas with a U.S nonimmigrant visa, the person is required to return to their home country when their visa expires, an immigrant visa does not expire. It allows you to live, work, and study in the U.S or engage in any activity you like.
immigrant visas holders can stay in the US permanently. whereas with a US Nonimmigrant visa holder is required to go back to their home country while their visa expires, an immigrant visa does no longer expire. it permits you to stay, work in the USA.
After you get the immigrant visa, you do not need to for renewal or for extension. it is permanently valid unless you interact in an unlawful activity in the US to have your immigrant visa revoked. The immigrant visa does not stop you to live within the US, but you could tour in and out of the United States.
Moreover, in case you stay inside the US for a specified time period with no violations, you may apply for a citizenship and if permitted, you turns into a US citizen.
What are the U.S Immigrant Visa Types?
There are different U.S immigrant visa types. Following are the 2 major categories of immigrant visas:
- Immediate Relative and Family Sponsored
- Employer Sponsored
Immediate Relative and Family Sponsored Visas
With the immediate relative visa and family immigrant visa, you can join your close family who stay in the United States permanently. This could be your mother and father, fiancé, or partner. if you have relatives in the u.s, otherwise you come to be engaged or married to a u.s.citizen, then you are eligible for this class of immigrant visas. Below table shows the names of the relative and family sponsored visas and short descriptions of each.
This is the first category is the US marriage visas. These visas are given to the person who is legally married to a US citizen. Living together does not counted as being married, so you will have to prove marriage by submitting documents like marriage certificate, photos.
There are 2 types of spouse visas:
- Conditional Resident (CR-1) Visa which means you got married and for 2 years you will in conditional status. This condition is to prevent marriages from happening only for obtaining permanent residence in the U.S.
- Immediate Relative (IR-1) Visa which means, after you got married for 2 years, you will get permanent status without the conditions of the CR-1 visa.
The K1 visa is issued to a person engaged to a U.S citizen (fiance) to go to the U.S for 90 days. During these 90 days period, the couple is planning to get married so as to start filing for the petition to get a spouse visa.
The K-2 visa is granted to unmarried children who are below 21 years of K-1 visa holders, so the U.S citizen’s fiancé(e).
K-3 visa is created to shorten the time that the married couple is faraway from each other even as certainly one of them is looking ahead to their petition to be accepted.
when a foreign citizen and a United States of America citizen are married, they file the petition to get a spouse visa. At the same time as this petition is being processed, the spouse can attain a K-3 visa so as to stay in the US.
This visa is issued to unmarried children under 21 years old of K-3 visa holders.
This group of visas is used by U.S citizens who adopt children from countries other than the U.S. The children can then get one of the 4 visas.
- IH-3 visa is for children who are adopted from a country on the Hague Convention. IH-3 visa holders are allowed to enter the U.S and get U.S citizenship. The citizenship is given only to children who are below 18 years old when they enter the U.S for the first time.
- IH-4 visa holders who enter the United States do not get a U.S citizenship immediately, but after the completion of adoption.
- IR3 visa is issued to children after the completion of adoption procedure. The child must belong to a country which does’t require re-adoption when the child enters the U.S. The children under 18 years old get automatic citizenship when they enter the U.S first time.
- IR4 visa is issued to children whose adoption will be completed after they enter the U.S. The parents will become legal guardians of the child and then will file for the adoption process once the child is within the U.S.
This group of visas is for family members of U.S citizens that they will marry.
- IR2 visa is issued to the unmarried children under 21 years old of IR-1 visa holders.
- CR-2 visa is granted to the unmarried children under 21 years old of CR-1 visa holders. To apply for CR-2 visa, the couple must be married less than 2 years.
- IR5 visa is issued to the parents of a U.S citizen who is older than 21 years old.
- F-1 visa which has a cap of 23,400 visas given to unmarried sons and daughters of U.S citizens and their minor children
- F3 visa which has a cap of 23,400 visas for married sons and daughters of U.S citizens and their minor children and spouses
- F4 visa which has a cap of 65,000 visas and is for siblings of U.S citizens, their minor children, and spouses. The U.S citizen must be at least 21 years old to apply for this visa.
The F-2 visa is issued to the minor children, spouses, and unmarried children of those who have immigrant visas. This visa has 2 categories:
- F2A visa for spouses and children
- F2B visa for unmarried sons and daughters
Employment Sponsored Visa
The US employer sponsored visas are immigrant visas which permits the visa holders to work permanently in the U.S. The U.S government kept limits on the number of employment based visas that they give to 140,000 per fiscal year. The table below shows the different types of employment based visas.
EB1 visa is the first priority Worker and they can be in following 3 groups:
- Outstanding professors and researchers who are known internationally
- Persons with extraordinary skills in arts, sciences, business,education, or athletics
- Multinational managers of executive who have worked overseas for at least 1 year out of the past 3 years for a U.S branch, a subsidiary, or parent company.
The Eb2 visa category of employees includes 2 groups:
- Professionals holding an advanced degree, who either have a Bachelor’s Degree with 5 years of work experience in the profession, or have completed a higher education degree after the Bachelor’s Degree.
- Persons with exceptional skills in arts, sciences, or business.
The third priority workers include these groups:
- EB3 Visa: Skilled workers with at least 2 years of experience or training in that particular profession
- Professional workers who need a Bachelor’s Degree or a U.S equivalent to work in their profession
- EW3 visa: Unskilled workers who do not need 2 years of experience or training to work in a particular position.
Fourth priority workers include a following visas, such as:
- SD visa and SR visa: Religious workers
- Broadcasters in the U.S
- Current or Former employees of the U.S government
- Iraqi employees of the U.S government
- SQ visa: Afghan employees of the U.S government
- SI visa: Iraqi and Afghan Interpreters or Translators
- Certain Foreign Medical Graduates
This group of the EB5 visas is targeted at investors, who invest:
- At least $1,300,000, which is direct investment.
- $500,000 in a high unemployment or rural area in the U.S, which is indirect investment.
Based on this, there are 4 types of investor immigrant visas:
- C-5 visa is for investors who create jobs outside of target areas
- T-5 visa is issued to investor who create jobs in targeted rural or high unemployment areas
- R-5 visa is granted to investors who participate in an Investor Pilot Program not in a target area
- I-5 visa is issued to investors who participate in an Investor Pilot Program in a targeted area